National Association of State Retirement Administrators

Latest Investment Return Assumptions

Investment Return Assumption by Plan

Rates reflect all known announced rates as of August 2021. The footnotes at the bottom of the page, which reflect additional explanations, qualifications, and scheduled future developments for certain plans, are a critical component of this data set.

Rate (%) Plan Rate (%)
Alabama ERS                                               7.70 Montana PERS 7.65
Alabama Teachers 7.70 Montana Teachers 7.50
Alaska PERS 7.38 Nebraska Schools 7.309
Alaska Teachers 7.38 Nevada Police Officer and Firefighter 7.50
Arizona Public Safety Personnel 7.30 Nevada Regular Employees 7.50
Arizona SRS 7.0 New Hampshire Retirement System 6.75
Arkansas PERS 7.15 New Jersey PERS10 7.30
Arkansas State Highway ERS 7.50 New Jersey Police & Fire10 7.30
Arkansas Teachers 7.50 New Jersey Teachers10 7.30
California PERF1 6.8 New Mexico PERA 7.25
California Teachers 7.0 New Mexico Teachers 7.0
Chicago Teachers 6.75 New York City ERS 7.0
City of Austin ERS 7.0 New York City Teachers 7.0
Colorado Affiliated Local 7.0 New York State Teachers 7.10
Colorado Fire & Police Statewide 7.0 North Carolina Local Government 6.50
Colorado Municipal 7.25 North Carolina Teachers and State Employees 6.50
Colorado School 7.25 North Dakota PERS 7.0
Colorado State 7.25 North Dakota Teachers 7.25
Connecticut SERS 6.90 NY State & Local ERS 5.90
Connecticut Teachers 6.90 NY State & Local Police & Fire 5.90
Contra Costa County 7.0 Ohio PERS 7.20
DC Police & Fire 6.50 Ohio Police & Fire 8.0
DC Teachers 6.50 Ohio School Employees 7.0
Delaware State Employees 7.0 Ohio Teachers 7.0
Denver Employees 7.25 Oklahoma PERS 6.50
Denver Public Schools 7.25 Oklahoma Teachers 7.0
Fairfax County Schools 7.25 Orange County ERS 7.0
Florida RS 7.0 Oregon PERS 6.90
Georgia ERS2 7.20 Pennsylvania School Employees 7.25
Georgia Teachers 7.25 Pennsylvania State ERS 7.0
Hawaii ERS 7.0 Phoenix ERS 7.0
Houston Firefighters 7.0 Rhode Island ERS 7.0
Idaho PERS 6.30 Rhode Island Municipal 7.0
Illinois Municipal 7.25 Richmond Retirement System 7.0
Illinois SERS 6.75 San Diego City  6.50
Illinois Teachers 7.0 San Diego County 7.0
Illinois Universities 6.50 San Francisco City & County 7.4
Indiana PERF 6.25 South Carolina Police 7.0
Indiana Teachers 6.25 South Carolina RS 7.0
Iowa PERS 7.0 South Dakota RS 6.50
Kansas PERS 7.75 St. Louis School Employees 7.50
Kentucky County 6.25 St. Paul Teachers 7.50
Kentucky ERS3 5.25 Texas County & District 7.50
Kentucky Teachers 7.10 Texas ERS 7.0
LA County ERA 7.0 Texas LECOS 7.0
Louisiana Parochial Employees 6.40 Texas Municipal 6.75
Louisiana SERS4 7.55 Texas Teachers 7.25
Louisiana Teachers5 7.45 TN Political Subdivisions 7.25
Maine Local 6.50 TN State and Teachers 7.25
Maine State and Teacher 6.50 University of California 6.75
Maryland PERS 6.80 Utah Noncontributory 6.95
Maryland Teachers 6.80 Vermont State Employees 7.0
Massachusetts SERS 7.0 Vermont Teachers 7.0
Massachusetts Teachers 7.0 Virginia Retirement System 6.75
Michigan Municipal 7.35 Washington LEOFF Plan 1 7.50
Michigan Public Schools6,7 6.80 Washington LEOFF Plan 2 7.40
Michigan SERS7 6.70 Washington PERS 1 7.50
Minnesota PERF 7.50 Washington PERS 2/3 7.50
Minnesota State Employees 7.50 Washington School Employees Plan 2/3 7.50
Minnesota Teachers 7.50 Washington Teachers Plan 1 7.50
Mississippi PERS8 7.55 Washington Teachers Plan 2/3 7.50
Missouri DOT and Highway Patrol 7.0 West Virginia PERS 7.50
Missouri Local 7.0 West Virginia Teachers 7.50
Missouri PEERS 7.30 Wisconsin Retirement System 7.0
Missouri State Employees 6.95 Wyoming Retirement System  7.0
Missouri Teachers 7.30    


Download latest return assumptions

  1. ​In February 2017 the CalPERS Board adopted a risk mitigation policy, effective beginning FY 2021, that calls for a reduction in the system’s investment return assumption commensurate with the pension fund achieving a specified level of investment return. Details are available online:

  2. ​For each year in which the actual rate of investment return exceeds the target rate of return, the Georgia ERS will reduce its investment return assumption by 0.1% (10 basis points) until a target rate of return assumption of 7.0% is reached. 

  3. The Kentucky ERS is composed of two plans: Hazardous and Non-Hazardous. The rate shown applies to the plan’s Non-Hazardous plan, which accounts for more than 90 percent of the Kentucky ERS plan liabilities. The investment return assumption used for the Hazardous plan is 6.25 percent.

  4. LASERS is reducing its discount rate to 7.40% effective FY 22. The discount rate used to determine the FY 2020/2021 funding requirement is 7.55%, which is net of gain-sharing. The investment return assumption differs from the discount rate because of the effective cost of providing potential future ad hoc postretirement benefit increases, or gain-sharing. The investment return assumption, which includes gain-sharing, is reducing incrementally to 7.75% by FY 22.

  5. The TRS of Louisiana is reducing its discount rate from 7.45% to 7.40%, effective July 1, 2021. The investment return assumption differs from the discount rate because of the effective cost of providing potential future ad hoc postretirement benefit increases, or gain-sharing.  The investment return assumption, which includes gain-sharing, will reduce to 7.75%.

  6. ​​The Michigan Public School Employees’ Retirement System administers three plans: a defined benefit plan and two hybrid plans (Pension Plus and Pension Plus 2). The rate shown applies to the defined benefit plan and the Pension Plus Plan. The investment return assumption used for the Pension Plus 2 plan is 6.0 percent. 

  7. Rates for the Michigan PSERS and SERS plans are subject to the Dedicated Gains Policy, a method for reducing the investment return assumption when actual investment returns exceed the assumed rate of return.

  8. A 2019 amendment to the Mississippi PERS funding policy stipulates that the investment return assumption will be reduced until it reaches the rate recommended by the actuary in the most recent experience study using investment gains based on the following parameters:

    • 2% excess return over assumed rate, lower assumption by 5 basis points

    • 5% excess return over assumed rate, lower assumption by 10 basis points

    • 8% excess return over assumed rate, lower assumption by 15 basis points

    • 12% excess return over assumed rate, lower assumption by 20 basis points

  9. The assumed rate of return for the Nebraska School Retirement System will decline by 10 basis points each year until reaching 7.0 percent effective FY 24.
  10. ​The assumed rate of return for the New Jersey PERS, Police & Fire, and Teachers plans is scheduled to decrease to 7.0 percent effective FY 23.