Other post-employment benefits (OPEB) refers to the benefits, other than pensions, that a state or local government employee receives as part of his or her package of retirement benefits. Typically retiree medical insurance is the most significant OPEB offering, though other benefits such as life insurance are also covered by this umbrella term.
In June 2015 GASB approved two new statements applicable to OPEB plans and participating governments. Statements No. 74 and 75 will replace No. 43 and 45 and make changes to the financial reporting framework for OPEB plans, including the reporting of a net OPEB liability (or a proportionate share of the net OPEB liability, if a sponsoring government). The new statements also require more extensive disclosures and required supplementary information including reporting the effects of changes in assumptions on the net OPEB liability and a schedule of a government's OPEB contributions compared to the contributions required.
Statement No. 74 applies to OPEB plans that administer benefits on behalf of participating governments. It takes effect for financial statements with fiscal years beginning after June 15, 2016.
Statement No. 75 applies to governments who participate in OPEB plans. It takes effect for fiscal years beginning after June 15, 2017.
GASB OPEB Implementation Guide
News Release: GASB Publishes New Standards for Reporting for Health Insurance and Other Retiree Benefits, June 29, 2015
OPEB Benefits by State: FY 2017 Snapshot, NASRA and the Center for State & Local Government Excellence, July 2019
State OPEB Plan Designs, June 2019
Retiree Health Care Benefits for State Employees in Fiscal Year 2015, NASRA and the Center for State & Local Government Excellence, May 2017
Retiree Medical Benefits Generate Unique Cost Drivers And Risks For U.S. States, S&P Global, September 2019
OPEB Brief: Risks Weigh On Credit Even Where There Is Legal Flexibility, S&P Global, May 22, 2019
Rising US States' OPEB Liabilities Signal Higher Costs Ahead, S&P Global, November 2018
How Big a Burden are State and Local OPEB Benefits?, Center for Retirement Research, March 2016
GASB's Updated Accounting Standards for Other Postemployment Benefits (OPEB), The Segal Company, April 2016
Retiree Health Survey Reveals Awareness and Concern Related to GASB OPEB, The Segal Company, April 2016
Rising OPEB Liabilities for the 15 Largest US Cities Could Strain Budgets and Pose Credit Risks, S&P Global, October 2017
Understanding Finances and Changes in Retiree Health Care, Joshua Franzel and Alexander Brown, Government Finance Review, February 2012
State and Local Retiree Health Benefits, Government Accountability Office, November 2009
Best Practice: Ensuring the sustainability of other post-employment benefits, Government Finance Officers Association