National Association of State Retirement Administrators


The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that state and local governments subtracted an estimated 2,000 jobs in August 2023. This marks the second consecutive month of decline in aggregate state and local employment following fifteen consecutive months of increase. 

Since peaking in February 2020, state and local governments have shed nearly 299,000 jobs, or approximately 1.5 percent of their total.

The BLS identifies approximately 19.7 million employees of state and local government as of August 2023. Local governments, which include most school districts, account for nearly three-quarters of total state and local employment, with state governments accounting for around one-quarter of the total. Overall, state and local employment accounts for approximately 13 percent of the nation's workforce.

The private sector added an estimated 179,000 jobs in August 2023.

The charts below present the relative changes in state and local government and private sector employment since 2007.

Monthly changes in state and local government
and private sector employment, 2007-2023

Monthly changes in state and local government employment, 2007-2023

Compiled by NASRA based on data provided by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Data is sourced from the BLS Current Employment Statistics program, which is a monthly survey of households, businesses, and governments measuring employment, hours, and earnings estimates. The CES survey reference period is the pay period that includes the 12th day of the month. Data are published on a preliminary basis and revised twice before being finalized. 

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